Forgot password Extend Verify Contact

1941 Crescent Rd
OB Gonzales Oak Bay V8S 2G9

$5,300,000
Residential beds: 5 baths: 6.0 4,685 sq. ft. built: 2010

Main Photo: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 1: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 2: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 3: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 4: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 5: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 6: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 7: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 8: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 9: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 10: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 11: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 12: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 13: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 14: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 15: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 16: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 17: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 18: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 19: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 20: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 21: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 22: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 23: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 24: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 25: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 26: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 27: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 28: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 29: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 30: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 31: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 32: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 33: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 34: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 35: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 36: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 37: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 38: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 39: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 40: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 41: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 42: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 43: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 44: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 45: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 46: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 47: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 48: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 49: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 50: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 51: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 52: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 53: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 54: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 55: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 56: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 57: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 58: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 59: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 60: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 61: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 62: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 63: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 64: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 65: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 66: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 67: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 68: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 69: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 70: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 71: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 72: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 73: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 74: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Photo 75: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
Status:
Active
Prop. Type:
Residential
MLS® Num:
919481
Bedrooms:
5
Bathrooms:
6
Year Built:
2010
This custom Gonzales Bay beachfront residence exceeds all expectations, with 4685 SQFT of living space extending over 3 levels, with an elevator for convenience. This remarkable 5 bed/6 bath home has an open concept layout, coffered ceilings, and beautiful artistic detailing. Entertain guests on the main level at the chef’s kitchen overlooking the dining room and boasting unparalleled water views through the floor to ceiling windows. This sleek interior space extends to a deck with outdoor FP. A family room, den and a 2-pc bath complete this level. On the top level you will find a luxurious master suite with a FP, 5-pc ensuite and walk-in closet. Two more bedrooms, each with their own ensuite, plus an upper loft, and the laundry room complement this level. The lower level offers a full one-bedroom suite, extra bedroom, wine cellar, and storage. Outside on the spectacular terrace is an infinity pool, hot tub, FP, and private beach access. True luxury living at its best!
Property Type:
Residential
Type:
Single Family Detached
Year built:
2010 (Age: 12)
Close Price Lease Total:
Existing Lease Expiry:
Living Area:
4,685 sq. ft.
Listing General Location:
OB Gonzales, Oak Bay
Bedrooms:
5
Bathrooms:
6.0 (Full:-/Half:-)
Lot Size:
9,452.585 sq. ft.
Kitchens:
2
Taxes:
Construction:
Shingle-Wood, Stone
New Construction:
No
Basement:
None
Foundation:
Concrete Perimeter
Roof:
Asphalt Shingle
Levels:
3
Ceiling Heights:
Floor finish:
Tile, Wood
Total Building Area:
5,367 sq. ft.
Total Unfinished Area:
682 sq. ft.
Commercial Area:
# Bedrooms or Dens Total:
5
# Main Level Bedrooms:
0
# Second Level Bedrooms:
3
# Third Level Bedrooms:
0
# Lower Level Bedrooms:
2
# Other Level Bedrooms:
0
# Main Level Bathrooms:
1
# Second Level Bathrooms:
3
# Third Level Bathrooms:
0
# Lower Level Bathrooms:
2
# Other Level Bathrooms:
0
# Main Level Kitchens:
1
# Second Level Kitchens:
0
# Third Level Kitchens:
0
# Lower Level Kitchens:
1
# Other Level Kitchens:
0
Living Area Lower Floor:
1,486 sq. ft.
Living Area Main Floor:
1,597 sq. ft.
Living Area Other Floor:
0 sq. ft.
Living Area 2nd Floor:
1,602 sq. ft.
Living Area 3rd Floor:
0 sq. ft.
Fireplaces:
5
Fireplace Details:
Family Room, Gas, Living Room
Laundry Features:
In House
Water supply:
Municipal
Sewer:
Sewer Connected
Cooling:
Other
Heating:
Electric, Natural Gas, Radiant Floor
Fireplace:
Yes
Pending Date:
Dishwasher, F/S/W/D, Microwave, Range Hood
Elevator
Balcony/Patio, Swimming Pool
Ocean
Ocean Front
Main Level
0
Aquariums, Birds, Caged Mammals, Cats OK, Dogs OK
Yes
No
Unrestricted
Floor
Type
Size
Other
Main Floor
Main Floor
Main Floor
Main Floor
Main Floor
Main Floor
Main Floor
Main Floor
2nd Floor
2nd Floor
2nd Floor
2nd Floor
2nd Floor
2nd Floor
Lower Level
Lower Level
Lower Level
Lower Level
Lower Level
Lower Level
Lower Level
Lower Level
Lower Level
Floor
Ensuite
Pieces
Other
Main Floor
2nd Floor
2nd Floor
2nd Floor
Lower Level
Lower Level
Financing Notes:
Assessed:
Assessment year:
Approximate Inventory Value:
Fixed Equipment Approx. Value:
Goodwill Approx. Value:
Gross Income:
Net Operating Income:
Association Fee:
Association Fee Frequency:
Jurisdiction name:
District of Oak Bay
Legal Description:
Accessibility:
Ground Level Main Floor
Units in Building:
Units in Community:
Number of 2 piece baths:
1
Number of 3 piece baths:
1
Number of 4 piece baths:
0
Number of 5 piece baths:
0
Number of 2 piece Ensuites:
0
Number of 3 piece Ensuites:
2
Number of 4 piece Ensuites:
2
Property Condition:
Resale
Exposure / Faces:
North
Layout:
Main Level Entry with Lower/Upper Lvl(s)
Lot Site Features:
Level, Near Golf Course, Rectangular Lot
Attached Garage:
No
Carport Spaces:
0
Garage Spaces:
1
Garage:
Yes
Parking Features:
Driveway, Garage
Total Parking Spaces:
2
Total Units:
Date Listed:
Nov 23, 2022
Original Price:
5300000.0
  • Photo 1: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 1 of 75
  • Photo 2: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 2 of 75
  • Photo 3: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 3 of 75
  • Photo 4: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 4 of 75
  • Photo 5: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 5 of 75
  • Photo 6: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 6 of 75
  • Photo 7: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 7 of 75
  • Photo 8: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 8 of 75
  • Photo 9: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 9 of 75
  • Photo 10: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 10 of 75
  • Photo 11: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 11 of 75
  • Photo 12: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 12 of 75
  • Photo 13: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 13 of 75
  • Photo 14: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 14 of 75
  • Photo 15: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 15 of 75
  • Photo 16: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 16 of 75
  • Photo 17: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 17 of 75
  • Photo 18: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 18 of 75
  • Photo 19: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 19 of 75
  • Photo 20: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 20 of 75
  • Photo 21: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 21 of 75
  • Photo 22: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 22 of 75
  • Photo 23: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 23 of 75
  • Photo 24: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 24 of 75
  • Photo 25: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 25 of 75
  • Photo 26: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 26 of 75
  • Photo 27: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 27 of 75
  • Photo 28: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 28 of 75
  • Photo 29: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 29 of 75
  • Photo 30: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 30 of 75
  • Photo 31: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 31 of 75
  • Photo 32: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 32 of 75
  • Photo 33: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 33 of 75
  • Photo 34: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 34 of 75
  • Photo 35: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 35 of 75
  • Photo 36: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 36 of 75
  • Photo 37: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 37 of 75
  • Photo 38: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 38 of 75
  • Photo 39: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 39 of 75
  • Photo 40: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 40 of 75
  • Photo 41: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 41 of 75
  • Photo 42: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 42 of 75
  • Photo 43: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 43 of 75
  • Photo 44: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 44 of 75
  • Photo 45: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 45 of 75
  • Photo 46: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 46 of 75
  • Photo 47: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 47 of 75
  • Photo 48: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 48 of 75
  • Photo 49: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 49 of 75
  • Photo 50: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 50 of 75
  • Photo 51: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 51 of 75
  • Photo 52: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 52 of 75
  • Photo 53: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 53 of 75
  • Photo 54: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 54 of 75
  • Photo 55: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 55 of 75
  • Photo 56: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 56 of 75
  • Photo 57: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 57 of 75
  • Photo 58: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 58 of 75
  • Photo 59: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 59 of 75
  • Photo 60: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 60 of 75
  • Photo 61: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 61 of 75
  • Photo 62: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 62 of 75
  • Photo 63: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 63 of 75
  • Photo 64: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 64 of 75
  • Photo 65: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 65 of 75
  • Photo 66: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 66 of 75
  • Photo 67: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 67 of 75
  • Photo 68: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 68 of 75
  • Photo 69: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 69 of 75
  • Photo 70: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 70 of 75
  • Photo 71: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 71 of 75
  • Photo 72: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 72 of 75
  • Photo 73: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 73 of 75
  • Photo 74: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 74 of 75
  • Photo 75: 1941 Crescent Rd in Oak Bay: OB Gonzales House for sale : MLS®# 919481
    Photo 75 of 75

Virtual Tour

Listed by eXp Realty
Data was last updated November 27, 2022 at 04:05 AM (UTC)
Area Statistics
Listings on market:
15
Avg list price:
$2,995,000
Min list price:
$1,500,000
Max list price:
$8,999,000
Avg days on market:
36
Min days on market:
3
Max days on market:
135
Avg price per sq.ft.:
$880.98
These statistics are generated based on the current listing's property type and located in OB Gonzales. Average values are derived using median calculations.
Jerome Peacock
Veronika Peacock
MLS® property information is provided under copyright© by the Vancouver Island Real Estate Board and Victoria Real Estate Board. The information is from sources deemed reliable, but should not be relied upon without independent verification.